+63) To follow certain procedures for burnt offerings
|Application to gentiles:
Partly required, partly recommended
|Mandated punishment for violation:
To perform completely burnt offerings, one of four categories of animal sacrifices, according to a set of rules that define the type of animal used, the procedure for the sacrifice itself, and the offerings of the flour, oil, and wine that accompany it. For Jews, some completely burnt offerings are communal, others are required for individuals, and yet others can be brought voluntary by individuals; for gentiles, only voluntary burnt offerings by individuals are allowed.
This commandment applies to sacrifices in the Jerusalem Temple, which are performed by the Levitical priests. But unlike Jews, gentiles are also permitted to sacrifice completely burnt offerings on temporary altars in other locations (see commandment +61), where some but not all of these rules would apply.
|Biblical source(s) (Rambam):
Lev. 1:2-3 |
|Biblical source (Sefer HaChinuch):
Lev. 1:3 |
|Number in Sefer HaChinuch:
|Sources explaining relevance to gentiles:
- Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Maaseh HaKorbanos 3:2-3
Gentiles may bring olos (only non-obligatory ones) to the Temple.
- Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Maaseh HaKorbanos 19:16
Gentiles may offer olah sacrifices on bamos in any location, and Jews are permitted to instruct them in proper ways to do so.
- Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Maaseh HaKorbanos 19:1,16
Bamos must be built; offerings burned on a rock are not considered offerings.
- Lubavitcher Rebbe, Hisvaaduyos 5745, v. 5, pp. 3039-3041
There are no fixed halachos on how gentiles may build and use bamos, but Jews should instruct them to do so in a way of beauty to G-d, as determined by circumstances.
- Rambam, Sefer HaMitzvos +20
Bamos may be made of dirt rather than stones (i.e., rules of building the Temple altar are not binding on gentiles elsewhere).
- Talmud Bavli, Zevachim 116b, & Rashi thereon
Gentiles should build and use bamos in a way of beauty (leaving most specifics undefined); this includes using previously unused dirt, wood, and newly generated fire.
- Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Maaseh HaKorbanos 3:5,8
Semichah on the korban is meaningless for gentiles, by Scriptural decree (thus also with bamos?).
- Rashi, Talmud Bavli, Menachos 73b
R. Akivas view holds that menachos accompanying gentile olos are entirely burned on the altar, not eaten by cohanim as would normally be done.